1 June 1984

Sub-Saharan Africa Report



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1 June 1984


CONTENTS ANGOLA Dos Santos Blames Portugal for Poor Relations (Luanda Domestic Service, 13 May 84)......... Cobo beeen seees oa BURUNDI Briefs Former Minister in Court 3 CAMEROON ‘Northern’ Responsibility for Coup Assessed (Laurent Zecchini; LE MONDE, 14 Apr 84)......ccccccscccceees 4 Effect of Abortive Coup on Unity Examined : (Laurent Zecchini; LE MONDE, 17 Apr 84).......... bteseossese F CAPE VERDE President Visits New Industrial Enterprises (VOZ DI POVO, 14 Apr 60606666 0500060000 00000000% eeeeee#eeesees 10 Fishing Cooperation With Spain To Be Expanded (VOZ DI POVO, 14 Apr SOP cecccceses eeeeee#*e*?s *@eeeenoseeaee*1en*wene*7eseseenee ese @ 12 Briefs Boat From Iceland 13


Agricultural Talks at Pala Cover Many Fields CINFO TCHAD, 13, 17 Apr 84). .ccccccccccccccccces TYTTITTTTy 14

Yields Key to Self-Sufficiency Crop Yield Discussed

-ae [III - NE& A - 120]


Swiss Investments Bolster Gold Production Effort

(Jean-Luc Lederrey; JOURNAL DE GENEVE,

2D BRE GR) ccccccceces

Preservation of Traditional Values Urged With Ongoing Reforms

(Editorial; Mody Sory Barry; HOROYA, 14

Open Letter to Information Services

(Nava Toure; HOROYA, 14 Apr 84)........


TASS, ANG Sign Techniczl Cooperation Agreement Cie? FERSG, F BE GS) vccccssccecsceces

BOE GR) scccccccccecs

Council of Ministers Announces Price Rise of Basic Items

(NO PINTCHA, 7 Apr 84).........20ee0e- °




Economy, Debt Rescheduling Discussed (Louis Guilain; AFRICA, No 159, Mar 84)

Coping With Drought in Kitui District

(Gideon Nzoka; THE KENYA TIMES, 27 Apr 84).......csceesecees

Moi Urges Reforestation (Makokha wa Musebe; THE KENYA TIMES, 28

Meeting Strengthens Relations With Emirates (Editorial; THE KENYA TIMES, 30 Apr 84)

ROE TA) ic cccvcccves

Training Facilities Available for Textile Industry (Victoria Okumu; THE KENYA TIMES, 30 Apr 84)..........-e00.

Briefs Fuel Shortage Reported Bridge Is Swept Away

Friction Within National Muslim Council Reported

(THE NEW LIBERIAN, 10 Apr 84)..........

Country's Banking, Liquidity Crisis Discussed (Lawrence Thompson; THE NEW LIBERIAN,


23 Ane BB) ccccsaces















Peoples Redemption Council ‘Declares War' on Tax Evaders we cance ud THE..NEW LIBERIAN,.. 24,. 26 Apr 84)... ccccccaeaccccacccecscee = 47.

Liquidity Problems, Corruption, Editorial Firing Range Set up

"Tax Clearance’ for Travel

LAMCO-LMWV Agreement Gives Workers More Benefits (THE NEW LIBERIAN, 27 Apr 84)........ WEETTTTITILILT TELL TT 50


Increased Production of Coconut for Export Planned SaRees RE GE DOP cesses csbcvesvseseoncsssecas seeueeeseses 52

Sweden To Train Electrical Substation Operators CORPERGEME, AF BOE GR) oc ccccccccccccsscceces pebeeeeeeace bas 54

Urban Green Zones To Increase Food Production (NOTICIAS, 18 Apr BA) ..ccccccccceces bs 6853666056046054058b8 56

Department for Training Meteorological Experts Planned too) Pe 2 ee |} Peewee TTT TTT TTT ee eebaes TTT 58

Production School Planned for Salamanga (NOTICIAS, 19 Apr 84) .ccsccccccccccsccccces Soceseeesesaere 60


Economic Prospects, Problems That Follow Liberation Viewed (Dawid J. Vermeulen; DIE VOLKSBLAD, 4 Mar 84)............- 62

REPUBLIKEIN Comment on Political Development (Editorial; DIE REPUBLIKEIN, 26 Mar, 3 Apr 84)....... oeees 64

Damara Departure From MPC

Savimbi Role

Attitudes of Namibia Leaders SENEGAL

PDS General Secretary A. Wade on Future Plans for Governing (Abdoulaye Wade Interview; WAL FADJRI, 27 Apr-1l Jun 84)... 68


Detention Deaths; Editorial Policy Discussed (BAG, FED Ga) coccvcccccccccccccssocers ceveoeceseevoeececees 74

Recruitment Strategies To Reserve, Allocate Labor Analyzed (Marian Lacey; SASH, Feb 84) .cccccscccccccccsccssecescesesss 76

Sash Seen Facing Mounting Pressures, Challenges ee ono (Jéil1-Wentzel> SASH, Feb 34) SSSC46ECTCECSCESESCEECCESCCESESTESEOECEECSES 6&3

Black Sash Affiliation With UDF Mooted SED RMON We SUP 8665 o0seceesccccceseseeevencesese

Significance of ‘komati Accord Discussed (FRONTLINE, Apr 84)........ $nbhn50eeeeeeseboseaes seneeeuenes 101

Realistic View of Bophuthatswana, Mangope Advanced (Johann Graff; FRONTLINE, Apr 84).............. eesccces cooce Me

Analysis of Afrikanerdom Split Offered (David Williams; FRONTLINE, Apr 84)............. ecoesceccecs Be


Recent Events Reviewed; Document Circulates on Campus (Passek-Taale; L'OBSERVATEUR, 13-15 Apr 84).......... verre yr 111


Convicts To be Put To Work on Rural Development Projects ( THE HERALD, 5 May 84) eeee#e#e#es:s: *eeeeeeneesesenre8eceeese8ee e828 eeee7#s1eeee#e#e#se# 114

ZNCC To Train Ex-Combatants Engaged in Co-op Ventures ( THE HERALD, 6 May OP 6666 60056000006606 6600006806008 e@eee#e ee 116

Minister of Information Scores South African Based Correspondents ( THE HERALD, 7 May BoP case eeeeee7nee#e7#e#8ee#e#es8e#ee# eee esee*eeeeee# eee7s#es: 118

New Food-for-Work Program in Buhera Benefits Drought Victims (Munyaradzi Chenje; THE HERALD, 7 May 84)........eeeeeee005- 120

Mazowe Farm People Refuse To Be Evicted (William Bango; THE HEKALD, 8 May 84).......ccececceeeeceeee 123

smn as ies ray ey - —_ | wn

DOS SANTOS BLAMES PORTUGAL FOR POOR RELATIONS MB141529 Luanda Domestic Service in Portuguese 0700 GMT 13 May 84

[Text] Comrade Jose Eduardo dos Santos, the president of the People's Republic of Angola, has blamed the Portuguese Government for the deterioration of its relations with the Angolan Government. In an interview with the Lisbon weekly, O JORNAL, the Angolan head of state said that the attitude of the present Portuguese Government with regard to activities by the Angolan counterrevolu- tionaries in Portugal explains the present state of relations between the two governments.

President Jose Eduardo dos Santos divided relations between Angola and Portugal into three distinct phases. The first phase covers the period from the inde- pendence of Angola in 1975 until 1978, which was characterized by an 170 percent increase in trade between enterprises of both countries and by the good develop- ment of political and solidarity relations between nongovernment organizations. Despite these good relations during this phase, Portugal supported the puppet gangsters in their activities, but this support lessened with the spirit of Bissau resulting from a meeting between the late President Agostinho Neto and General Ramalho Eanes, thus marking the beginning of the second phase.

The Bissau spirit, President Jose Eduardo dos Santos said, marked a very promis- ing period for cooperation between Portugal and Angola. During this perio”, 2 financial agreement was signed between the Angolan Nationzl Bank and the Ban:

of Portugal. Also a cooperation agreement in the field of electricity was signed. The Bissau spirit was affected by a lenient attitude of Portuguese authorities toward the free movement and subversive activities of groups moun:- ing armed terrorist attacks against the Angolan people and their legitimate government from Lisbon, the Angolan president said.

The third period in Portuguese-Angolan relations began with the eighth Portu- guese government led by Pinto Balsemao, during which the second joint commis- sion session was held which reinvigorated cooperation between the two countries. The session could not take place earlier due to hostilities against Angola which caused a climate of distrust and tension. This was also the case with regard to official contacts between both governments. Gen Ramalho Eanes" visit to Angola in April last year was also considered by President Jose Eduardo dos Santos as having immensely contributed to improving the climate of trust and revitalizing economic and socioscientific cooperation between the two countries.

However, the president of the People's Republic of Angola deplored the present Portuguese government of Prime Minister Mario Soares, which has upset the under- _ standing as the, government is now permitting anti-Angolan activities in Lisbon. This situation has forced Angola to protest strongly to the Portuguese Govern- ment and to urge a reevaluation of bilateral relations.

With the regard to [the] situation in southern Africa, the Angolan head of state believes that the diplomatic peace efforts undertaken in the region must be com- plemented by efforts by the international community to effectively implement UN Security Council Resolution 435/78 providing true independence for Namibia.

Only in a climate of peace can we increase t'ie regional cooperation within the framework of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference to elimi- nate the dependence which some countries of the region still have with regard

to South Africa and subsequently to end backwardness and to also ensure our sovereignty in the economic field. This is what President Jose Eduardo dos Santos said in conclusion,

CSO: 3442/365



FORMER MINISTER IN COURT--For the past four months, the Bujumbura Court of Appeal has been conducting the trial pitting the Miniscry of Justice against Alexis Ntibakiranya, formerly general director of the SRDI (Regional Develop- ment Company of Imbo) and minister of agriculture and livestock raising and the people's representative elected from Kayanza Province, who is now being held prisoner in the central prison of Mpimba. Five hearings have already been devoted to the very complex trial since the beginning of December 1983. [Excerpt] [Bujumbura LE RENOUVEAU DU BURUNDI in French 5 Apr 84 p 2] 11,464

CSO: 3419/599


"NORTHERN' RESPONSIBILITY FOR COUP ASSESSED Paris LE MONDE in French 14 Apr 84 ppl, 5 [Article by Laurent Zecchini: "The Lost Wager of the Cameroonian Rebels"]

[Text] Yaounde--The municipal cemetery is strangely deserted. A few hundred meters from the sports stadium, the site, which nature has taken over, is peopled with sparse tombs flanked by headstones anc a few crosses leaning at an angle. In the extension of the entryway, two unconcealed heaps of laterite strike one's eye. Two common graves: One, 10 meters long and 4 meters wide, is still empty. The other, covering some 20 meters, has been filled in and one can easily detect the tracks of a mechanical excavator. It was here, on Tuesday, 10 April, that part of the bodies picked up in the streets of the capital following the 6 April confrontations were piled.

The city is calm, cvlorful, sunny, just as usual. The attempted coup d'etat on Friday, 6 April, that shook the regime of President Paul Biya left few traces on Yaounde and after a few hours spent crisscrossing the main dis- tricts and seeking out the bomb craters and destroyed buildings, one almost doubts it happened at all. The fighting with heavy weapons, the strafing

by the Fouga-Magister planes, the firing from the Gazelle helicopters: Where aid it all take place? What city was under siege? By day, Yaounde betrays its recent convulsions only by the presence of a few groups of soldiers in strategic spots, but at nightfall, detachments of nervous soldiers take up their posts nearly everywhere.

But let us look again. Aha! There indeed! At the Presidential Palace, that monstrous birthday cake of a building cautiously overlooking the city and its wooded hills. The main gate still stands agape. One bullet-riddled wing is partially destroyed. A pile of crushed beams, the remains of two street lamps, some debris on the ground. The Yaounde airport is intact, little affected by the military presence and at the Douala airport, tiie economic capital, little more than routine attention is paid to the passenger list, the baggage. Not all the rebels are dead or in prison and the authorities do not want the remaining few to slip through their fingers.

However, they believe they know where the fugitives can be found. La Briquet- terie, the voor Haoussa (northern ethnic group) district adjoining the Pamoun district, has been surrounded by the army. Several dozen soldiers are

assigned there or patrol the streets, their American M 16's over their arms (unloaded, however). Armored AML vehicles equipped with machine guns or 20-mm canons control the area. One truck guards the entry to the National Police Advanced Training School and, as the government daily CAMEROON TRIBUNE (one of whose reporters, Bandolo, said to be dead, revealed the attempted coup in a kind of lyric epic poem), "courageous, even reckless children, several times helped the forces of law and order to track down the wutsiders trying to mix with the civilian population." In short, the informing came about quite naturally. But as the same daily writes: "In the hospitals, particularly Central Hospital, another atmosphere reigns. The people are there, silent, tense, looking hagard, trying to find their loved ones among the dead in the morgue. And the bodies continue to pile up, of all ages and types."

How many? On Thursday evening, 12 April. the Office of the President pub- lished the official figures: 70 dead, including 4 civilians and 8 "loyalist" elements; 52 wounded, 1,053 rebels arrested, 265 gendarmes "missing" and all the leaders of the rebellion "known to date" captured, except for one low- ranking officer, "being actively sought." Diplomatic sources agree that the total number killed is clearly higher (without giving one any faith in the fantastic figure of 6,000 given in Paris by the UPC [Union of Cameroonian Peoples]). Will the exact number ever be known? The people bury their

dead quickly, almost furtively, especially those from the north, so that their neighbors “will not find out.'’ The diplomatic corps has done its figures:

No Frenchman, no European was killed or wounced. Only one young Lebanese about 20 years old, Schidiac, died uselessly for having stopped 20 meters after the order of a soldiers’ barrier. One of them fired the fatal shot.

There were naturally stupid blunders against civilians or rebels who, despite their surrender, were killed. But the page has nearly been turned on a trau- matized Cameroon.

But for heaven's sakes, they are saying in Yaounde, let us not revive that eternal quarrel pitting the southerners against the northerners! This slogan has already been expressed by President Biya. "It is a tiny minority of ambitious men hungry for power (LE MONDE, 12 April), who were trying their luck. Furthermore, the forces participating in the restoration of the situa- tion included Cameroonians of all origins, without distinction as to their ethnic, regional or religious affiliation."

Above all, it is now 1 matter of calming things down. The rebels undoubtedly believed -- wrongly -- that the people would immediately go over to them, that the army would remain neutral in the beginning and then finally defect. But no one did and the army, organized as a social body, did not join the rebel elements of the Republican Guard and the gendarmerie.

Then who and why? Young norihern officers and junior officers of that veri- table Pretorian guard of the Cameroonian president, powerfully armed (which explains the time it took the "loyalists" to put down the rebellion) and

whom Biya, after taking power, made the mistake of not reorganizing as he did for the army, even though he knew that the Guard had been set up by and for

his predecessor, Amadou Ahidjo -- in other words, essentially northerners? During their trial, the leaders, "who will be tried without delay and pun- ished,” will probably supply a partial answer. One can wager that Col Ibrahim Saleh, commanding officer of the Republican Guard, Capt Awal Abassi, commanding officer of the Guard Artillery Unit, Reserve 2d Lt Yaya Adoum (who read the rebels’ proclamation on the radio), Issa Adoum, general director of FONADER (National Rural Development Fund), Lieutenant Arouna, of the Koutaba Elite Intervention Force, will be “asked” to admit the complicity they enjoyed,

even the names of those who were behind the abortive action.

An hour and a half, two hours, is more than enough time to bring off a coup. However, the rebels wasted a great deal of that time, which could only work against them. As the excessively scattered action went along, the troops remaining loval to the regime moved on Yaounde. The outcome given the disproportionate numbers involved, was inevitable. Fighting was limited to a few sites, which explains why there are no signs of confrontations in the capital except for a few blocks of houses: the headquarters of the Guard in Obili in the Ndjong-Melen district, the Yeyap Camp, headquarters of the general delegation of the gendarmerie, the residence of the chief of staff of the armed forces, General Semengue. that of the deputy commander of the Yaounde military area, Col Asso Emane, and finally, that of Minister of the Armed Forces Andre Tsoungui.

What will be the consequences of the coup for Cameroon? What role was played by those whom the Cameroonian press calls foreign mercenaries (there is a great deal of talk of the "Moroccans," but since Ahidjo was received in Rabat by the Royal Academy, are not favorably viewed in Yacunde)? It is too soon

to answer these questions. "The quake is over," one CAMEROON TRIBUNE editor- ial noted, stressing that "the authors and protagonists involved in the opera- tion are all from the former northern province." For Cameroon to dwell on the reemergence of these old demons is not a wager of stability for the future.

11,464 CSO: 3419/599



Paris LE MONDE in French 17 Apr 84 pp l, 4 [Article by Laurent Zecchini]

[Text] Cameroonian authorities have just put their finger on the person they believe to have been the instigator of the bloody coup attempt that occurred on 6 April in Yaounde. Actually, the news does not come as much of a surprise since, according to the minister of the armed forces, the coup's author was Ahidjo. The abortive coup was only, he added on 14 April, the extension of

a plot financed by "Northerners" denaunced in August 1983 and resulting in

the death sentence meted out to the former president for absconding. The sentence was commuted to life in prison by his successor.

President Biya is now leaving it up to his close aides to resume the campaign against his predecessor, who, from his Riviera retreat, immediately and categor- ically denied any implication in the uprising of the presidential guard.

This attitude on the part of the current Cameroonian chief of state suggests two possibilities for the time being: Either he has chosen to strengthen

his image as a rallier, leaving to others --- mainly the military -- the thankless task of bringing the supporters of northern revenge into line.

Or, yielding to pressure from his entourage, mainly in the army, Biya may have decided to break up a number of northern bastions, thereby announcing demotions in order to weaken the political patronage on which Ahidjo had mainly relied.

Whatever the case, President Biya did not duck the test. He affirmed that he wanted to encourage mild changes, admitting that the obstacles to reform are

too great to enable him to avoid a confrontation with his adversaries. At least, this is the version that Ahidjo's successor wants to make people believe.

Whatever the responsibilities on both sides, Cameroon has experienced very disturbing events the past few months. One cannot help wondering about the difficult unity of a nation whose importance in Central Africa is obvious. Ahidjo was not able to get it going. Nor has Biya faced the challenge. Brought forth in pain, Cameroon experienced quite exceptional expansion under the iron hand of Ahidjo, but serious tensions again emerged not long after his resignation.

In the immediate future, Cameroonians can mourn for the liberalization pro- posed by Biya. Their country will continue to know difficult times because it would be astonishing if the Northerrers -- even if the label stems from a hasty simplification -- do not try to defend themselves. It is now Cameroon's stability that is in question, which can only disturb its weaker neighbors or those which face serious problems themselves.

Yaounde--Coming from any other person, the remarks may have appeared irrespon- sible, but the man who spcke that Saturday, 14 April, Andze Tsoungui, minister of the armed forces, played an essential role in ensuring the continuity of the nation in the hours and days following the abortive 6 April coup. It

was therefore while weighing his words that Tsoungui made two serious accusa- tions: On the one hand, it was the former president of Cameroon, Amadou Ahidjo, who was the author of the abortive coup d'etat. Second, it was a northern plot. In so stating, the minister could not have been unaware that he was making a speech that is radically contrary to the statements by the president of the republic, who, on 10 April in a message to the nation, stated: "The responsibility for the abortive coup d'etat does not belong

to any given province or Cameroonian of a given religion."

Sea:ed near the minister, a short, fat, little man, dressed in military fa- tigues without any particular insignias, occasionally spoke to confirm the assertions. Div Gen Pierre Semengue, chief of staff of the armed forces, echoed the statements of his minister: ("It was the former president who trained the rebels, we are certain. That coup was but the extension of the plot which the president of the republic denounced on 22 August.") "Without being trained by the former president, I am sure they would not have attempted the coup." If one is to believe Tsoungui, the leaders of the rebellion ("captains," according to General Semengue) "wanted to restore power to the former supporters of Ahidjo."’ The Republican Guard, which made up most of

the rebel troops, was made up "of over 99.99 percent of people from the north, said the minister. "All che rebels were from the north," General Semengue agreed.

But the conspiracy, which made the Republican Guard the partner of civilians, along with elements from the police, gendarmerie and the army, would probably not have been possible without the aid of the "businessmen from the north who financed" plans for the coup. "One of them," Tsoungui stated, "turned over 10 million francs to one of the organizers." These "few" northern businessmen were "denounced" by the rebels taken prisoner, who "immediately admitted what they had done." Of course, the guard close to the chief of state, which contained the assault launched by the rebels on the Presidential Palace, was not itself made up of a northern majority, but the Cameroonian Army, which remained loyal to the regime, is also made up of soldiers from the northern provinces who did not hesitate to fire on members of their own ethnic group. On the staff, on the other hand, officers from the southern regions are largely in the majority, even if, as General Semengue stated, "on my staff,

I have my 3d Bureau chief, who is a northerner."

Troubling Effectiveness

In addition, several elements enable one to assert that the imminence of an attempted coup was perfectlv known to certain circles. "We had fragmentary information indicating that something was afoot,'' Tsoungui said. On Thursday, 5 April, the eve of the action, a number of rich Cameroonians reportedly

made withdrawals of large sums of money from their bank accounts. These "normal" withdrawals sometimes amounted to 100 million CFA francs (1 CFA franc = .02 franc). According to unofficial sources, Cameroonian authorities reported- ly intend to institute ceilings on the amount of liquid assets that can be withdrawn, ceilings applying to private persons as well as companies.

General Semengue also confirmed that changes among the officers of the Repub- lican Guard were about to come about. "That was no secret," he said. The decision to move these measures up was reportedly made following reports alerting the chief of state to the need to take measures concerning the Guard and its security services (LE MONDE, 8-9 April). In the current stage of the investigation, it would appear that colonels Ousmanou Daouda and Ngoura Bella Belladji, respectively chief of staff of the chief of state and commanding officer of the lst Military Region, who have just been removed from their posts, are simply guilty of disturbing ineffectiveness. "No one saw them before the situation was restored to normal," General Semengue emphasized on Saturday, adding that "they knew very well what was happening and could have alerted the troops."

The chief of staff of the armed forces believes that the attempted coup had been planned far ahead of time, mainly because “orders had been issued (for the Guard) for certain equipment." The investigative commission, made up of both civilians and the military, began its work on Wednesday, 11 April,

and will make it possible to shed light on this last point: At what level of responsibility, within the army and the government, could the decision to order equipment (presumed to be military) have been taken without awakening some suspicion somewhere?

This new intensification of the Cameroonian crisis (the accusation against the northerners and President Ahidjo) once again creates the feeling that a certain indecisiveness seems to mark the political decisions now being made in Yaounde.

11,464 CSO: 3419/599



[Text] The secretary general of the party and president of the republic, Comrade Aristides Pereira, last Wednesday visited a number of industrial enterprises installed in Pra a, accompanied by the minister of economy and finances, Comrade Osvaldo Lopes da Silva. The Butane-Gas Filling Station in Achada Grande was one of the units visited by the chief of state.

The National Equipment and Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Company (SONACOR) was the first stop in the visits to the industrial units made by the president of the republic. It is a new enterprise already in the final phase of completion and occupies an area of 2,619 square meters in Tira- Chapeu. Its cost was estimated at about 150,000 contos and its establishment is part of the country's dynamics of industrial develop- ment and maintenance of the national automobile fleet. This company is also responsible for the import and marketing of vehicles, equipment

and accessories and representation of the trade marks involved.

Its equipment, which is already in the final phase, as well as the specialized training of technicians who are going to insure its operation in this

initial phase, is in charge of a specialized Swedish corporation SWEDEC,

with which SONACOR signed a contract.

The shops are divided into large specialized units: diesel motor section, gasoline motor section, recapping section, electrical and auto mechanical section, and a foundry shop. It appears that the recapping section will

be the company's most profitable unit in the immediate future because of the guarantee that a recapped tire will operate as if it were new for about half the cost.

At this enterprise Comrade Aristides Pereira learned about the company's facilities as well as the condition of the workers from its director, Pedro Burgo.

The president of the republic then visited the Butane-Gas Filling Station in Achada Grande, also in the final phase, with the beginning of operation scheduled for next May.


This station, with a capacity of 1,500 tons of gas, should put an end once and for all to the problem of breaks in supplies of a market whose consump- tion capacity is little more than 3,000 tons per year. This unit belonging to the National Fuel and Lubricants Company (ENACOL) was built according

to the most modern safety conditions which a product of this nature requires, the bottle-filling process being quite simple. It has a warehouse to

receive 3,780 empty bottles and 2,880 full bottles. The gas, which is conducted by pipeline from the port of Praia to the pressure depots,

reaches the filling nozzles by an automatic system.

The last enterprise visited was the National Pharmaceutical Products Company (EMPROFAC), where about 40 different types of medications are produced.

With the shops operating in the Praia Fospital, EMPROFACT already insures the production of a varied spectrum of pills, ointments and medicated

syrups under the most modern technical and hygienic conditions. Operating over these installations, the Directory General of Pharmacy has a

laboratory where it conducts strict control over the composition of all

the products manufactured by the company.

8711 CSO: 3442/354




[Text] Development of the agreement established in 1981 between Cape Verde and Spain was recommended by the delegations of the two countries, which met in Praia from 7 to 10 April.

The two delegations, headed by the Cape Verdean secretary of state for fisheries and the director general of the Spanish Foreign Ministry, respectively, decided at the same time that there will be another meeting this year to implement the actions to be carried out.

A memorandum which recommends development of the agreement established in 1981 between Cape Verde and Spain in the fisheries area was signed at the end of the meeting of the Spanish-Cape Verdean joint commission held in Praia from 7 to 10 April.

The secretary of state for fisheries, Engineer Miguel Lima, who headed the Cape Verdean delegation, speaking at the opening of the proceedings of

the joint commission, considered that its primary and principal objective was to strengthen cooperation between the two countries in the area of fisheries, both in the technical-scientific and material sectors, having in view improving that cooperation from what it has been up to the present.

It should be noted also that it was stated in the final document that the joint commission will hold another meeting, possibly this year to implement strengthening the actions to be taken.

8711 CSO: 3442/354




BOAT FROM ICELAND--The vessel "Fengur" offered to our country by the Icelandic Government at the time of the official visit by the president

of the republic, Comrade Aristides Pereira to Iceland, should arrive in Cape Verde on 6 May 6, "PV" learned from the Secretariat of State for Fisheries. The "Fengur" is a vessel 27.3 meters in length with a beam

of 7.4 meters and a gross weight of 140 tons. Itw crew is made up of 20 men and it has a hold capacity of 50 to 60 tons of fish. This vessel will also engage in fisheries scientific research. [Excerpt] [Praia VOZ DI POVO in Portuguese 14 Apr 84 p 3] 8711

CSO: 3442/354



AGRICULTURAL TALKS AT PALA COVER MANY FIELDS Yields Key to Self-Sufficiency N'Djamena TNFO TCHAD in French 13 Apr 84 p 3

[Excerpt | The pre-planting meeting ushering in the 1985-1985 farm year, which began on 9 April, completed its work yesterday at Pala in Mayo-Kebbi. For two days experts from all government depart- ments concerned with rural-zone development, the top executives

of companies operating in the southern zone, the prefects of the five southern-zone prefectures, and members of the CNC represent- ing these prefectures surveyed the results of the 1983-1984 farm year and took a long, hard look at development problems in an attempt to find approaches and solutions to them.

The city of Pala was chosen for these meetings because of the tremendous farming potential it contains and, in general, the no less promising resources available in the Mayo-Kebbi. [In his remarks opening the conference, the prefect of Mayo-Kebbi, Mr Pofinet, voiced his pleasure at seeing the conference held in his district. This gave him the opportunity to review the farm si- tuation in Mayo-Kebbi. Mr Pofinet, who pays particularly close attention to the human factor in all matters of economic develop- ment, explained that despite the war and the abominable weather last year, Mayo-Kebbi, thanks to its human potential, came through it creditably at all levels. Even so, the agricultural situation in this region is still cause for concern. A 2,000-hectare de- cline in arable land, coupled with a shortage of rainfall, meant a harvest that fell 210,000 tons below the preceding year's level. That shortfall must be compensated for, and the Prefect believes that Mayo-Kebbi must be provided with high-yield seed grain.

As for the cotton crop, the Mayo-Kebbi prefect is pleased: "We did better than we have ever done before," he said. With its record 46,000-ton crop, Mayo-Kebbi produced 30 percent of the nation's cotton crop, and that puts it out in front of all the prefectures in the cotton belt. The prefect had high praise for the experts from the National Rural Development Office (ONDR), but welcomed the chance to call the government's attention to the things that need doing to improve the quality of life in rural zones. First


on his list was the obsolescence of most farm equipment. Pofinet cited the Sarh recommendation which called for a complete rehabilitation of Chad's farm equipment construction company (SOMAT). Getting that plant back into operation, says Mr Po- finet, would create jobs and, most important, give the district's farmers the tools they need to do their job. Most important of all, though, in the prefect's view, is the need for government to establish dialogue with the rural masses so that they can be brought freely and willingly to accept the government's goals as well as certain technical innovations that are incompatible with their interests.

Crop Yield Discussed N'Djamena INFO TCHAD in French 17 Apr 84 pp 8,9

[Excerpt | The preparation and planning meeting for the 1984-85 farm year, which began its deliberations on 9 April, adjourned on Thursday after mapping out a comprehensive plan of action for the farm year ahead.

The Pala meeting fits naturally into the mainstream of government action on behalf of the rural world. At Sarh in 1983/84 the price per kilo of unginned cotton went up 10 francs. Pala has gone along with that trend: from 80 francs, the price per kilo has risen here to 100 francs. Peanuts "en amande" have also gained

20 francs on the market, up from 70 to 90 francs per kilo.

This price rise across the board reflects the government's move toward a fair-price policy in order to reward and provide new incentive to the farmers' efforts. In an interview with the press at Pala, the minister for agriculture and rural development said that this action is designed to make room for the establishment

of large-scale agricultural operations. Once the farmers are get- ting a fair price, they will redouble their efforts to produce more, said Agriculture Minister Djindingar Dono Ngardoun.

The record for last year's planting has proved satisfactory. One need only look at Mayo-Kebbi's example, so brilliantly presented by district Prefect Pofinet, for all doubt on that score to van- ish. Mr Pofinet made the point that Mayo-Kebbi, thanks to its human potential and despite malign perversity in the weather, came through with flying colors.

Third-ranked last year with a production of 22,012 tons, behind Moyen-Chari's record-setting 30,460 tons and second-ranked Logone with 23,752 tons, Mayo-Kebbi prefecture boosted its standards

to hit 46,000 tons, or 30 percent of total national output.

There has been marked progress in this prefecture from the 1982 level of 351 kilos per hectare and 811 kilos per hectare in 1983 to better than 900 kilos last year.


He also cited maintenance work on some tracks and waterways and major repairs to the Bongor and especially the Ere ferries, which are the only transportation available to the lawmen as- Signed to guard the COTONTCHAD gins and mills in the Mayo-Kebbi.

The 1983/1984 farm year would have been even better, according to Mr Djidingar, had it not been stunted by the early cessation of the rains and by the malicious maneuvers of Libya, which tried repeatedly to burn crops in this part of the country. The pre- dicted crop, which had been estimated at 120,000 tons, turned out to be a startling 150,000 tons. The recommendations of the previous conference at Sarh, which were never implemented, are still a major handicap, including recommendation 3 which called for the reactivation of the Biliam Oursi "A" file and for pro- viding the "B" file with the necessary resources to work its developed acreage. As for the sorry state of farm equipment and the shortage of spare parts, reactivation of SOMAT was unani- mously urged.

In the area of food crops, the minister pointed out that the shor- tages reported in some sectors and the demand in the major cities are going to create a food shortage even in areas where the har- vest was adequate. This is why outside help is going to be in- dispensable again this year. This must not be allowed to be- come an unhealthy habit, warned the minister. Meeting our own food requirements must not make us dependent on others. To this end, Mr Djidingar urged officials and dealers in food crops to spur local production and achieve self-sufficiency in food,

which is still the prime concern of the government of the Third Republic. The minister also stressed reclamation and irriga- tion, because we cannot rely on rainfall to water our crops any more: rainfall these days, he said, has become a random, capri- cious thing, and we dare not gamble with our food supply.

As for the work of the several committees, we shall report only the recommendations of the economic committee assigned to study the financial, economic, and social aspects of rural development. In order to get food production off to a new start, it advised a general awareness Campaign, under the aegis of ONDR, to promote food production. COTONTCHAD and the ONVSD [expansion unknown | were instructed to offer optimum prices for these products,

while the National Cereal Grains Office (ONC) must be given the necessary funds to play its regulatory role.


CSO: 3419/615




[Article by Jean-Luc Lederrey: "Guinea Will Soon Be a Large-Scale Gold Producer Thanks to Swiss Investments"™]

[Text] Guinea's vast gold reserves, to date unmined, are beginning to be developed by Swiss interests through the Omnium Investment Company based in Freiburg.

Guinea, which was recently the stage for a coup d'etat following the death of President Sekou Toure, is one of the poorest countries in the world and has an annual average per capita income of about $300. However, it has significant potential wealth, particularly in the area of mining: this country has one- third of world reserves of bauxite, about 2 billion tons of high quality iron ore, diamonds and even gold. Guinea's gold-bearing deposits are currently be- ing developed by Swiss interests.

The American firm Chevaning Mining and Exploration Ltd, headquartered in New York and with a subsidiary in London, has two mining claims in Guinea with a surface area equai to that of Switzerland. These claims cover one-fifth of Guinean territory and contain 80 percent of the country's estimated gold re- serves. Chevaning Mining is controlled by the Swiss Omnium Investment Com- pany, headquartered in Freiburg. Laurent Butty, Freiburg's national repre- sentative, heads the board of directors.

The Omnium Investment Company controls several service firms in the banking, financial, real estate and maritime fields. In particular, it controls the Geneva firm of Atlantis Consulting S.A. which provides service, management and consulting in the areas of finance and investment; it is providing management services for the gold mining project in Guinea. The omnium also controls the Atlantis Bank (formerly the Banking Company for Industry) in Geneva, the Zurich firm Fico S.A. (which is active in the area of maritime transport), the firm Montreal Omnium (which finds and manages real estate investments in the United States and Canada); it also has interests in mining and petroleum companies in Africa, Brazil and the United States.


In its annual accounts as of 31 December 1983, the firm reported a balance sheet total of 78 million francs, fiduciary operations of 190 million, receipts of 7.6 million and a profit of 1.5 million. The stockholders are a group of Swiss and Dutch businessmen, with the Swiss in the majority.

Guinea's First Gold Mine in 1985

Chevaning Mining and its Swiss backers are currently completing a prospecting phase and a feasibility study regarding the development of the country's gold deposits. The firm recently decided to continue to the mining production phase-- the first mine will be operating in 1985. The firm spent about $5 million during the prospecting phase and plans